Reforestation has multiple objectives and it is an integral part of the development of an area or a forest. Reforestation is divided into three main categories: reforestation carried out in classified forests by SODEFOR, the establishment of plantations carried out by forestry operators (compensatory reforestation) and the establishment of private plantations (individuals, industrialists, groups, civil society, etc.).
STATE OF PLAY
Started in 1926, reforestation was initially carried out along railroad lines (to provide wood for locomotives) before being extended to the whole country. To date, a reforested area of about 400,000 ha has been recorded, distributed throughout both rural areas and in classified forests.
The results of reforestation operations by logging concessionaires are presented in the table below.
This report concerns reforestation carried out by Forestry Exploitation Perimeter concessionaires and plantation wood operators. The main species used are: Teak, Fraké, Framiré, Fromager, Cedréla, Gmelina, Samba, Bahia, Badi.
Reforestation in classified forests
Classified forests are supposed to be largely forests for timber production. SODEFOR is responsible for maintaining this productivity potential, particularly through reforestation.
The review of reforestation in classified forests indicates 222,817 ha of plantations in 2019 (source SODEFOR).
Forest plantations carried out or managed by SODEFOR in classified forests
These plantations involve 32 species, the most important of which are presented in the table below:
The main species planted in classified forests
The species used are varied and include both local and exotic species. The species mainly planted are teak, samba, gmelina, cedrela, fraké, framire, mahogany, niangon and sipo. These species represent 74% of reforestation in classified forests (165,656 ha). Teak alone represents 40% of reforestation (88,917 ha).
Forestry plantations carried out by other actors and special operations
These are reforestation efforts carried out by companies as part of their socio-economic contribution for the benefit of communities and the country, such as the foundations of cell phone operators (ORANGE, MTN), reforestations carried out in the context of the national “Tree day” initiatives, etc.
Since 2013, the Ministry of Water and Forests, in collaboration with the Ministry of National Education, has initiated a reforestation program called “Project one school, 05 hectares of forest”. Through this project, 566 ha of reforestation were planted in schools throughout Côte d’Ivoire in 2013 and 2019.
In 2019 and 2020, in the context of the initiatives “1 day 1 million trees” and “1 day 5 million trees”, the Ministry of Water and Forests and supporting partners planted, 1,103,580 seedlings and 6,400,000 trees, respectively, throughout the national territory.
PROSPECTS FOR ACHIEVING THE 2045 SPREF GOALS
Several reforestation activities are initiated by the Ministry of Water and Forests.
It should eventually allow the realization of 5000 ha of reforestation mainly on the mountain slopes.
This project aims to fight against global warming and to stop the advancing of the desert. In addition, it contributes to poverty reduction in rural areas through the development of agroforestry and tree cultivation activities.
This project aims to rehabilitate degraded sacred forests.
This project is part of the new dynamic of the policy of preservation, rehabilitation and extension of forests. Its objective is to involve the educational community in the reconstitution of the national forest cover which has been severely degraded.
MINEF organized an operation called “1 Day, 1 Million Trees” which allowed the planting of 1,169,074 trees on November 15, 2019 alone. The following year, a similar operation called “1 day, 5 million trees” which took place on July 25 2020, resulted in the planting of 6,449,739 trees.
In view of the success of these operations and the growing popular support, MINEF has decided to organize a much more ambitious operation in 2021 called “1 day, 50 million trees”. This is about MINEF illustrating its strong commitment to addressing, in a participatory manner, the challenge of reforestation.